What a TONER does for your skin
The most important job of a toner is to restore your skin's natural pH balance. A pH scale is measured from 1 to 14 where 7 is neutral, 1 - 6.9 is acidic and 7.1 - 14 is alkaline. The optimum pH level for your skin is 5.5. So you want to aim for a pH of between 4.5 - 6.0 to achieve a healthy skin mantle to resist and fight bacteria.
This is where the toner comes in. Most cleansers have a higher pH value between 6.5 and 8.0, and while it can cut through the oil on the skin, this can also rob the skin of moisture. After cleansing, your skin's pH balance normally becomes too high and your skin has to work vigorously to restore the balance back. By using the right toner, your skin's pH level is immediately restored to it's optimum range providing the perfect condition to apply your moisturiser.
Other benefits of using a toner includes:
* Removing dirt, impurities, dead skin cells and toxins
* Refine and tighten pores
* Refreshing skin complexion
* Removing excess sebum from the skin
* Reduce the appearance of fine lines
* Reducing excess oil secretion by creating an optimal pH level
* Speed up cell turnover
The right toner for your skin type
There is toner available for all types of skin types. For those with oily acne prone skin, a clarifying and exfoliating toner may help to leave your skin free from excess sebum, impurities and dead skin cells. Such toners are strong and tend to contain alcohol which may be too harsh and over drying for your skin type. I personally would not recommend anyone to use a toner with high alcohol content (even if you have oilyskin), as the over drying effect of such toners can cause an imbalance in your skin's pH leading to an excess in sebum production. Remember that you want to achieve a pH range of between 4.5 - 6.0.
If you have dry to normal skin, avoid toners targeted for oily skin. Look for moisturising and toners with soothing ingredients such as chamomile or azulene.
For a quality toner, look for one that is natural and organic. These toners do not contain any harmful impurities such as chemicals and additives. They combat free radicals and contain essential vitamins and minerals that are needed to repair damaged skin and maintain soft and younger looking skin.
There are a number of different types of toners for such conditions as normal skin, sensitive skin, dry skin, and oily skin. Organic toners contain revitalizing natural essential oils or natural extracts.
The correct way of applying the toner
There is really no magically way to apply a toner, but for the most economically way, using a cotton ball or pad will help your bottle of toner last longer. Gently apply the toner to your face and neck in a light sweeping motion. Never rub or scrub your skin with the toner.
Keep in mind that your toner should never be used to remove excess makeup or dirt that your cleanser didn't get - if that's the case you just need to find a better cleanser.
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